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Program Trading Averaged 25.3 Percent Of NYSE Volume During Oct. 22-26, 2001

Date 08/11/2001

The New York Stock Exchange today released its weekly program-trading data submitted by its member firms. The report includes trading in all markets as reported to the NYSE for Oct. 22-26, 2001.

The data indicated that during Oct. 22-26, program trading amounted to 25.3 percent of NYSE average daily volume of 1,286.6 million shares, or 325.3 million shares a day.

Program trading encompasses a wide range of portfolio-trading strategies involving the purchase or sale of a basket of at least 15 stocks with a total value of $1 million or more. Program trading is calculated as the sum of the shares bought, sold and sold short in program trades. The total of these shares is divided by total reported volume.

This is not the only way to measure program trading. Three alternatives for Oct. 22-25, would be to:

  • examine buy programs as a percentage of total purchases (13.8 percent);
  • examine sell programs as a percentage of total sales (11.5 percent);
  • examine program purchases and sales as a percentage of total purchases and sales or twice total volume (12.6 percent).

For the third quarter of 2001, the NYSE's program-trading report includes profiles of program trading whenever the Dow Jones Industrial Average moves 180 points or more in a single direction during any one-hour period. During Oct. 22-26, there were no such periods.

In all markets, program trading averaged 546.0 million shares a day during Oct.22-26. About 59.6 percent of program trading took place on the NYSE, 13.2 percent in non-U.S. markets and 27.2 percent in other domestic markets, including Nasdaq, the American Stock Exchange and regional markets.

In aggregate, program volume executed on the NYSE by firms as agent, for non-member customers, amounted to 58.2 percent during Oct. 22-26. Program volume executed as principal, for their own accounts, amounted to 35.8 percent of program volume.

Another 6.0 percent was designated as customer facilitation, in which a member firm established or liquidated a principal position to facilitate a program order initiated by a customer.

Of the five member firms reporting the most program trading activity on the NYSE, UBS Warburg and Morgan Stanley executed most of their program trading activity as principal, for their own accounts. Deutsche Banc Alex Brown, Goldman Sachs and Bear Stearns executed most or all of their program trading activity for customers, as agent.

During Oct. 22-26, 9.1 percent of program volume executed by NYSE member firms related to index arbitrage. Index arbitrage is defined as the purchase or sale of a basket of stocks in conjunction with the sale or purchase of a derivative product such as stock-index futures, to profit from the price difference between the basket and the derivative product.

Another 0.7 percent involved derivative product-related strategies (besides index arbitrage) that are subject to Rule 80A. The rule provides that derivative-related program strategies be executed only in a stabilizing manner after the DJIA moves 180 points or more from the previous day's close.

In addition to index arbitrage, such strategies include customer facilitations, liquidation of facilitations, index substitutions, liquidation of error accounts, risk modifications, and liquidation of exchange-for-physicals stock positions.

All other types of portfolio-trading strategies combined accounted for 90.2 percent of member firms' program-trading volume during Oct. 22-26.